So, What do even call this place? Most of it is now Israel, which it has been for many years now.
Before the Ottoman Empire, is was Israel. So, its seems that is has been Israel for most of hystory.
The name or term "Palistine" (in all its various linguistical forms) has only been used from around 500 BCE. This name was not used in Ottoman Empire from 1516 to 1917. The region has never been internationally recognized as a sovereign state. This area is not one of the 192 members of the United Nations.
Where as "Israel" has been recorded as early as 1200 BCE, and has been recognized more than once as Kingdom, a Capital and a sovereign state. Israel is a member of the United Nations.
Furthermore, these Palistinians can not even agree on their own agenda, such as Hamas ruling the Gaza Strip since seizing power there from the Palestinian Authority in 2007.
One could ask the questions when did a Palestinian state exist? Where was it's capital? Where were its borders demarcated? Who was its president, king or prime minister? What kind of government did they have? What did their currency look like?
First Aliyah 1882 – 1903 approximately 35,000 Jews immigrated to Palestine, a province of the Ottoman Empire
Second Aliyah 1904 – 1914 approximately 40,000 Jews immigrated mainly from Russia to Palestine, a province of the Ottoman Empire The Sykes–Picot Agreement of 1916 - (May 16, 1916) divided the Arab provinces of the Ottoman Empire outside the Arabian peninsula into areas of future British and French control or influence
The Balfour Declaration of 1917 - November 2, 1917 British government favors the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people
The Armistice of Moudros - October 31,1918 ended the hostilities in Middle Eastern theatre between the Ottoman Empire and the WWI Allies
Anglo-French Declaration - November 7, 1918 France and Great Britain agreeing to implement a "complete and final liberation" of countries that had been part of the Ottoman Empire
The Faisal-Weizmann Agreement - January 3, 1919 short-lived agreement for Arab-Jewish cooperation on the development of a . Jewish homeland in Palestine and an Arab nation in a large part of the Middle East
The Treaty of Versailles - June 29, 1919 required Germany to accept sole responsibility for causing the war
The Syrian National Congress - July 1919 inquiry on the future of Greater Syria after the fall of the Ottoman Empire
The Paris Peace Conference - Janruary 18, 1919 reshaped the map of Europe and the world, created new countries.
The League of Nations (LON) first meeting - January 16, 1920 principle mission was to maintain world peace
The Conference of London - February 12 - 24, 1920 Britain, France, and Italy met to discuss the partitioning of the Ottoman Empire
The French Mandate for Syria and the Lebanon - April 25, 1920 French controlled the rest of Ottoman Syria (modern Syria, Lebanon, Alexandretta and other portions of southeastern Turkey)
The Treaty of Sèvres - August 10,1920 the peace treaty between the Ottoman Empire and Allies at the end of World War I
The British Mandate for Palestine - July 24, 1922 was a legal commission for the administration of Palestine which came into effect September 26, 1923
Fifth Aliyah 1929 – 1939 increase in Jewish immigration
The Anglo-Iraqi Treaty of 1930 to give British a variety of commercial and military rights within the country after independence
The Franco-Syrian Treaty of Independence - March - September 1936 to provide for Syrian independence from French authority
The 1936–1939 Arab revolt in Palestine against British colonial rule and mass Jewish immigration which was suppressed
League of Arab States 1945 formed in Cairo March 22, 1945
The United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine - November, 29 1947 The resolution recommended the termination of the British Mandate for Palestine and the partition of the territory into two states, one Jewish and one Arab
Israeli declaration of independence - May 15, 1948
The occupation of the Gaza Strip by Egypt 1948 to October 1956, (March 1957 to June 1967 and 1978)
Benjamin "Bibi" Netanyahu - Born October 21, 1949 The first and only Prime Minister born in Israel after its foundation.
The 1948 Arab–Israeli War Israeli victory over Egypt ,Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, Syria, Transjordan, Lebanon Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Holy War Army, Arab Liberation Army, Muslim Brotherhood
The 1949 Armistice Agreements established armistice lines between Israel and the Jordanian-held West Bank
Operation Magic Carpet - June 1949 - September 1950 transport entire communities of Jews from Arab countries to Israel
The Tripartite Declaration of 1950 which guaranteed the territorial status quo determined by Arab - Israeli armistice agreements
Operation Ezra and Nehemiah 1950 to 1952 airlifted 120–130,000 Iraqi Jews to Israel
The 1964 Arab League summit Cairo - January 13-16 1964, Alexandria - September 1964
The Palestine Liberation Organization(PLO) 1964 founded May 28, 1964
The Six-Day War or June War - June 5, 1967 –June 10, 1967 Decisive Israeli victory over states of Egypt [known then as the United Arab Republic (UAR)], Jordan, and Syria
Munich Massacre -September 5, 1972
11 members of the Israeli Olympic team were murdered by Palestinian terrorists
The Yom Kippur War - October 6 - 25, 1973 Israeli tactical victory over coalition of Arab states led by Egypt and Syria
Sinai Interim Agreement - September 4, 1975 diplomatic agreement signed by Egypt and Israel
The Camp David Accords - September 17, 1978 Peace Treaty between Egypt and Israel, Egypt signed an end to control the Gaza Strip
The 1979 Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty - March 26, 1979 Peace Treaty between Egypt and Israel
The First Intifada - December 1987 – 1993 was a Palestinian uprising against the Israeli occupation in the Palestinian Territories
The Madrid Conference - October 30, 1991 peace process through negotiations involving Israel, Palestinians , Syria, Lebanon, and Jordan.
The Oslo Accords - August 20,1993 framework for the future relations between the two parties, Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements or Declaration of Principles (DOP)
The Palestinian National Authority formed in May 4,1994
The Gaza–Jericho Agreement - May 4,1994 which the details of Palestinian autonomy in the West Bank and Gaza Strip within five years
Interim Agreement on the West Bank and the Gaza Strip (Oslo II) - September 24 - 28, 1995 agreement governing several aspects of Palestinian territories of Gaza Strip and the West Bank
Protocol Concerning the Redeployment in Hebron - January 15 - 17, 1997 redeployment of Israeli military forces in Hebron in accordance with Oslo II
The Wye River Memorandum - October 23, 1998 Israel and the Palestine Authority to implement earlier Interim Agreement of September 28, 1995
The Taba summit - Janruary 21-27, 2001 aimed at reaching the "final status" negotiations to end the Israeli-Palestinian conflict,
The Second Intifada - September 2000–2005 period of intensified Palestinian-Israeli violence, Israeli military victory
The Gaza War - December 27, 2008 – January 18, 2009 Israeli tactical military victory
UNESCO Membership - Palistine - 2011 voted in 107 to 14.
The United States Officialy recognizes Jerusalem as Israel's Capital - December 6, 2017