Over our history, all cultures have a unique way to express their own styles and martial philosophy. Many have mulitple systems and variations of other styles incorporated into them. Most Martial Arts have and or share a lineage, a theory or philosophy and a technical corpus.
Some styles, artists and origins may be listed more than once. Exact definitions can be difficult to place in a single place and are subject to debate as many cultures claim that a particluar style was founded or originated in their respective country or time.
Many similar styles were also developing simultaneously around the world. Almost every country has some type of traditional folk style wrestling or grappling as well.
Many Martial Arts now have a Sport aspect to them as well as their Martial background. Some of these arts have evolved into sport completely. While others are created as new systems specifically for sports.
Below are some common Martial Arts terms we often hear and use which can be ambiguous or confusing
Kung Fu - is a common pronauncition for Gung Fu and Gong Fu.
Kenpo or Kenpō most commonly refers Chinese Martial Arts.
Kempo refers to Japanese Martial Arts.
Jujitsu typically refers to Japanese styles, while Jiu-Jitsu refers to Brazilian.
Kali, Arnis and Eskrima (Escrima) are used interchangeably, although they are not necessarily the same.
Peoples Republic of China
One of the most famous temple in China, not only because of its long history
and its role in Chinese Buddhism, but also because of its intergation in the Martal Arts.
Qigong - The Way of cultivating the human body - The ancient Chinese methodology for health, therapy, and longevity. Many believe Qigong is an integrated aspect of Chinese Martial Arts.
Gung Fu - Gong Fu - Kung Fu - Skill and Effort
Over 72 Different Styles
Washu - Similar to Gung Fu but differences between implication
Chin Na -
Choy Li Fut- Southern Style
Bak Mei -
Black Tiger -
Five Animal Style -
The Tiger, The Dragon, The Crane, The Leopard, The Snake
Hun Gar -
O Mei Ch'uan (Emeiquan)
Praying Mantis -
Southern - close range system that places more emphasis on short power
Northern - is famous for its speed and continuous attacks
Pa Kua Chang - (Baguazhang)Circular patterns and turning, spinning movements
White Crane -
San Soo -
Shaolin Quan -
Taiji Quan - (Tai Chi Chuan, Shadowboxing) Bagua Quan, Xingyi Quan
3 Major Internal style - Yang style, Chen style, Wu style
Wing Chun - Emphasizes short range combat
Akido (合気道) - Joining with attack and redirecting energy